American Capitals
From Ottawa to Buenos Aires

The American Capitals vary from huge cities like Washington DC, Mexico City or Buenos Aires to small towns like Castries and St George’s in the Caribbean

This is a summary of the Capitals of the Americas divided into Regions

  • North America
  • Central America
  • Caribbean
  • South America

The White House in Washington DC, the Capital of the United States of America

The White House in Washington DC, the Capital of the USA

North American Capitals

Ottawa, Canada

Ottawa is the capital of Canada. It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of Southern Ontario.

Founded in 1826 as Bytown, and incorporated as "Ottawa" in 1855, the city has evolved into a political and technological center of Canada. Its original boundaries were expanded through numerous minor annexations and were ultimately replaced by a new city incorporation and major amalgamation in 2001 which significantly increased its land area.

Washington DC, USA

The Capital of USA, Washington, D.C., is located along the Potomac River on the east coast on land donated by the surrounding states of Maryland and Virginia.

It serves as the nation capital since 1791 and houses the three branches of the federal government, including the Congress or Legislative Branch, the White House or Executive Branch and the Supreme Court or Judicial Branch.

Mexico City, Mexico

The Capital of Mexico is a very important world city.  The Mexico City I first saw in 1957 was a picturesque Mexican town of about 2 million inhabitants with many beautiful avenues with traffic island in the middle and many roundabouts and parks.

Today the city is one of the largest on the Planet with almost 20 million people. The avenues are now open streets called road axis to be able to accommodate the huge traffic of this capital city.

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American Capitals

Panama City the thriving Capital of the Republic of Panama

Panama City the thriving
Capital of the Republic of Panama

Central American Capitals

  • Belmopan – Capital of Belize
  • Guatemala City – Capital of Guatemala
  • Managua – Capital of Nicaragua
  • Panamá City – Capital of Panama
  • San José – Capital of Costa Rica
  • San Salvador -  Capital of El Salvador
  • Tegucigalpa – Capital of Honduras

Condado Beach in San Juan Capital of Puerto Rico

San Juan Capital of Puerto Rico

Caribbean Capitals

Havana, Cuba

The Capital of Cuba, Havana or La Habana is an incredible city where you’ll find people singing or dancing in any corner. Music is in the heart of every Cuban and the best place to experience this is in La Habana.

Since its founding in 1519 it has always been an important capital of the Americas and a Key to the Gulf of Mexico. Its old center or Old Havana maintains the beautiful arcades and terraces and the mix of neoclassical and baroque architecture.

Santo Domingo,
Dominican Republic

The Capital of the Dominican Republic was founded by Bartolome Colon, Columbus’ brother. It is known as the first city of the Americas. It was founded in 1496. Its official name now is Santo Domingo de Guzman. It is located on the southern coast of the Island of Hispaniola, shared by Haiti on the west and the Dominican Republic on the East.

It is proud to be the home of the first university, the first hospital and the first cathedral on the New World.

More Caribbean Capitals

  • Basse-Terre – Capital of Guadeloupe
  • Basseterre – Capital of Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Bridgetown – Capital of Barbados
  • Castries – Capital of Saint Lucia
  • Charlotte Amalie – Capital of US Virgin Islands
  • Cockburn Town – Capital of Turks and Caicos
  • Fort de France – Capital of Martinique
  • Georgetown – Capital of Cayman Islands
  • Gustavia – Capital of Saint Barthelemy
  • Kingston – Capital of Jamaica
  • Kingstown – Capital of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Kralendijk – Capital of Bonaire
  • Marigot – Capital of Saint Martin
  • Nassau – Capital of Bahamas
  • Oranjestad – Capital of Aruba
  • Oranjestad – Capital of Sint Eustatius
  • Phillipsburg – Capital of Sint Maarten
  • Plymouth – Capital of Montserrat
  • Port-au-Prince – Capital of Haiti
  • Port-of-Spain – Capital of Trinidad and Tobago
  • Road Town – Capital of British Virgin Islands
  • Roseau – Capital of Dominica
  • Saint George's – Capital of Grenada
  • Saint John's – Capital of Antigua and Barbuda
  • San Juan - Capital of Puerto Rico
  • The Bottom – Capital of Saba
  • The Valley – Capital of Anguilla
  • Willemstad – Capital of Curacao

Santiago de Chile with the background of the majestic Andes

Santiago de Chile with the background of the majestic Andes

South American Capitals

Brasilia, Brazil

Brasilia de Capital of Brazil was inaugurated in 1960 in the center of the country. In the 1950’s the government decided to build the Capital of Brazil in the center of the country and move the offices from Rio de Janeiro, the capital for many centuries. Brasilia was planned under the leadership of then President Juscelino Kubitschek. It was finally inaugurated in 1960. Today it is listed as World Heritage Site by UNESCO. It is home to 400,000 inhabitants and the satellite cities at distances that range about 40 km are home to the remainder of the 2.2 millions.

Bogotá, Colombia

The Capital of Colombia is a beautiful city called Bogota. It is located at an altitude of 2,625 meters above sea level and was founded in 1538.

The estimated population is about 7.5 million inhabitants. The whole metropolitan area of Bogota that includes a few smaller municipalities is close to 9 millions. It is the third tallest capital of South America after La Paz, Bolivia and Quito, Ecuador. With its many universities and libraries, Bogotá has become known as "The Athens of South America".

Buenos Aires, Argentina

Buenos Aires, the capital of Argentina is one of my favorite cities in the world, at the level of Madrid, Paris or Rome. It is the largest city in Argentina with a population of 3 million in the city itself and about 13 million in the whole metropolitan area. It is also considered the second largest city in Latin America after São Paulo Brazil. It is located on the western shore of the estuary of Rio de la Plata. It is an important port and from that comes the famous nickname to all its inhabitants, Porteños.

More South American Capitals

  • Asunción – Capital of Paraguay
  • Georgetown – Capital of Guyana
  • Caracas – Capital of Venezuela
  • La Paz and Sucre – Capitals of Bolivia
  • Lima – Capital of Peru
  • Montevideo – Capital of  Uruguay
  • Paramaribo – Capital of Suriname
  • Quito – Capital of Ecuador
  • Santiago – Capital of Chile

images for american capitals are courtesy of wikimedia commons

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