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American Capitals
From Ottawa to Buenos Aires


The American Capitals vary from huge cities like Washington DC, Mexico City or Buenos Aires to small towns like Castries and St George’s in the Caribbean

This is a summary of the Capitals of the Americas divided into Regions

  • North America
  • Central America
  • Caribbean
  • South America




Ottawa the Capital of Canada

Ottawa the Capital of Canada

North American Capitals

Ottawa, Canada

Ottawa is the capital of Canada. It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of Southern Ontario.

Founded in 1826 as Bytown, and incorporated as "Ottawa" in 1855, the city has evolved into a political and technological center of Canada. Its original boundaries were expanded through numerous minor annexations and were ultimately replaced by a new city incorporation and major amalgamation in 2001 which significantly increased its land area.

 



The White House in Washington DC the Capital of the USA

The White House in Washington DC the Capital of the USA


Washington DC, USA

The Capital of USA, Washington, D.C., is located along the Potomac River on the east coast on land donated by the surrounding states of Maryland and Virginia.

It serves as the nation capital since 1791 and houses the three branches of the federal government, including the Congress or Legislative Branch, the White House or Executive Branch and the Supreme Court or Judicial Branch.


American Capitals

El Zocalo in Mexico City the Capital of Mexico

El Zocalo in Mexico City the Capital of Mexico


Mexico City, Mexico

The Capital of Mexico is a very important world city.  The Mexico City I first saw in 1957 was a picturesque Mexican town of about 2 million inhabitants with many beautiful avenues with traffic island in the middle and many roundabouts and parks.

Today the city is one of the largest on the Planet with almost 20 million people. The avenues are now open streets called road axis to be able to accommodate the huge traffic of this capital city.


Panama City the thriving Capital of the Republic of Panama

Panama City the thriving Capital of the Republic of Panama


Central American Capitals

  • Belmopan – Capital of Belize
  • Guatemala City – Capital of Guatemala
  • Managua – Capital of Nicaragua
  • Panamá City – Capital of Panama
  • San José – Capital of Costa Rica
  • San Salvador -  Capital of El Salvador
  • Tegucigalpa – Capital of Honduras


The Capitol in Havana the Capital of Cuba

The Capitol in Havana the Capital of Cuba


Caribbean Capitals

Havana, Cuba

The Capital of Cuba, Havana or La Habana is an incredible city where you’ll find people singing or dancing in any corner. Music is in the heart of every Cuban and the best place to experience this is in La Habana.

Since its founding in 1519 it has always been an important capital of the Americas and a Key to the Gulf of Mexico. Its old center or Old Havana maintains the beautiful arcades and terraces and the mix of neoclassical and baroque architecture.


The Cathedral Santo Domingo the Capital of Dominican Republic

The Cathedral Santo Domingo the Capital of Dominican Republic


Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

The Capital of the Dominican Republic was founded by Bartolome Colon, Columbus’ brother. It is known as the first city of the Americas. It was founded in 1496. Its official name now is Santo Domingo de Guzman. It is located on the southern coast of the Island of Hispaniola, shared by Haiti on the west and the Dominican Republic on the East.

It is proud to be the home of the first university, the first hospital and the first cathedral on the New World.


Old San Juan the Capital of Puerto Rico

Old San Juan the Capital of Puerto Rico

More Caribbean Capitals

  • Basse-Terre – Guadeloupe
  • Basseterre – Saint Kitts Nevis
  • Bridgetown – Barbados
  • Castries – Saint Lucia
  • Charlotte Amalie – US VI
  • Cockburn Town–Turks  Caicos
  • Fort de France –Martinique
  • Georgetown – Cayman Islands
  • Gustavia – Saint Barthelemy
  • Kingston – Capital of Jamaica
  • Kingstown – St Vincent  Grenadines
  • Kralendijk Bonaire
  • Marigot – Saint Martin
  • Nassau – Capital of Bahamas



  • Oranjestad - Capital of Aruba
  • Oranjestad - Sint Eustatius
  • Phillipsburg - Sint Maarten
  • Plymouth –  Montserrat
  • Port-au-Prince - Haiti
  • Port-of-Spain – Trinidad Tobago
  • Road Town – British Virgin Islands
  • Roseau – Capital of Dominica
  • Saint George's - Grenada
  • Saint John's – Antigua and Barbuda
  • San Juan - Puerto Rico
  • The Bottom – Capital of Saba
  • The Valley – Anguilla
  • Willemstad – Curacao
The Modern Cathedral of Brasilia the Capital of Brazil

The Modern Cathedral of Brasilia the Capital of Brazil


South American Capitals

Brasilia, Brazil

Brasilia de Capital of Brazil was inaugurated in 1960 in the center of the country. In the 1950’s the government decided to build the Capital of Brazil in the center of the country and move the offices from Rio de Janeiro, the capital for many centuries. Brasilia was planned under the leadership of then President Juscelino Kubitschek. It was finally inaugurated in 1960. Today it is listed as World Heritage Site by UNESCO. It is home to 400,000 inhabitants and the satellite cities at distances that range about 40 km are home to the remainder of the 2.2 million.


Catedral Primada in Bogota the Capital of Colombia

Catedral Primada in Bogota the Capital of Colombia


Bogotá, Colombia

The Capital of Colombia is a beautiful city called Bogota. It is located at an altitude of 2,625 meters above sea level and was founded in 1538.

The estimated population is about 7.5 million inhabitants. The whole metropolitan area of Bogota that includes a few smaller municipalities is close to 9 million. It is the third tallest capital of South America after La Paz, Bolivia and Quito, Ecuador. With its many universities and libraries, Bogotá has become known as "The Athens of South America".


Avenida 9 de Julio and the Obelisco in Buenos Aires, Argentina

Avenida 9 de Julio and the Obelisco in Buenos Aires, Argentina


Buenos Aires, Argentina

Buenos Aires, the capital of Argentina is one of my favorite cities in the world, at the level of Madrid, Paris or Rome. It is the largest city in Argentina with a population of 3 million in the city itself and about 13 million in the whole metropolitan area. It is also considered the second largest city in Latin America after São Paulo Brazil. It is located on the western shore of the estuary of Rio de la Plata. It is an important port and from that comes the famous nickname to all its inhabitants, Porteños.

 

Plaza de Armas in Lima the Capital of Peru

Plaza de Armas in Lima the Capital of Peru


More South American Capitals

  • Asunción – Capital of Paraguay
  • Georgetown – Capital of Guyana
  • Caracas – Capital of Venezuela
  • La Paz and Sucre – Capitals of Bolivia
  • Lima – Capital of Peru
  • Montevideo – Capital of Uruguay
  • Paramaribo – Capital of Suriname
  • Quito – Capital of Ecuador
  • Santiago – Capital of Chile


Political Map of the Americas

Political Map of the Americas



For more information on American Capitals visit Wikipedia.com




images credits for american capitals

ottawa by yana fuche and alma mulalic
washington dc by usdf
mexico city n/a
panama by saavedra vs
havana by nagel pacquette
santo domingo n/a
brasilia by victor soares
bogota by kinon
buenos aires by marcia lazzarov
lima n/a

all courtesy of wikimedia commons




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Eddy Tuchman

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