Uluru, also known as Ayers Rock Australia is one of the Wonders of the World. It is a rock formation in the southern part of the Northern Territory of Australia.
This site is sacred to the aboriginal people of the area called the Anangu. It is listed as a World Heritage site by UNESCO.
Uluru is one of the Wonders of the World
Getting to Uluru
It lies 335 km or 208 mi by air from Alice Springs Australia, the nearest large town, 450 km or 280 mi by road. You may fly there from practically any large city in Australia.
The local airport is called Yulara and gets close to 400,000 visitors per year. You may take air tours over the area with scenic views of the desert and of Uluru and Kata Tjuta.
Many visitors fly to Alice Springs and from there take different tours of the area of Central Australia, including Ayers Rock Resort and many sites on the surrounding desert. Many tourists visiting Australia will take the time to visit this place that has fascinated the world since its discovery.
Uluru as seen from a distance of 50 km
Facts about Ayers Rock Australia
The Name Uluru
The name Uluru is how the local aborigines called this site. It was first sighted by white people in 1873 and named Ayers Rock in name of Sir Henry Ayers, then Chief Secretary of South Australia. Since then both names have been used and recognized worldwide. Many years later in 1993, a dual name was given to the site Ayers Rock-Uluru and was then reversed to Uluru-Ayers Rock in 2002.
The Anangu people have been taking care of Uluru for thousands of years before the arrival of the Europeans to what is now the continent country of Australia. The sites have a great cultural significance for them. There is a cultural center with many walks and tours of the area to inform the visitors about local fauna and flora and the history and legends of the site.
Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park
Uluru is part of this park. It size is 1326 sq km or 512 sq miles. Despite the fact that many people climb it, it is recommended by the Aborigines no to do it because it is considered trespassing on a sacred site.
The climate as in most of Australia’s interior is a desert one. The temperatures in the Australian Deserts tend to be extreme. In summer during the day they can reach 48º C and at night during winters can go down to -8º C. During the Australian summer, meaning December to March the average temperature is 38º C.
The Olgas lie 25 Km of Uluru Australia
This is a sandstone foundation that stands 350 meters high, rising to 863 meters above sea level. The circumference is 9.5 km. Most of the bulk of this formation lies underground. It appears to change colors at different times during the day, mostly a glowing red during dawn and sunset. Kata Tjuta, also called Mount Olga or The Olgas, lies 25 km or 16 mi west of Uluru.
Special viewing areas with road access and parking have been constructed to give tourists the best views of both sites at dawn and dusk. Ayers Rock is a monolith. As big as it is it is the second in size in Australia, being the number one Mt Augustus in Western Australia.
Location of Ayers Rock in the center of Australia
What we see today was in the making for some 900 million years. Then it was all covered by the sea. Around 550 million years ago a transformation began, the area moved and folded upon it and great mountain ranges raised. Over millions of years these ranges eroded leaving behind huge sediments.
Somewhere around 300 million years ago another great transformation happened over an extended period of time the seas dried up. The great deposits of sediment were once again lifted and folded and tilted, what is now Uluru and Kata Tjuta, was pushed up above sea level.
Because of the way Uluru and Kata Tjuta were formed we know they are only visible tips of a huge underground rock slab, similar to an iceberg. Ayers Rock is actually grey in color but the makeup of the rock has a high iron content this is actually rusting on the surface that gives Uluru its distinctive red iron oxide appearance.
When visiting Australia please don’t miss the experience of personally see Ayers Rock.
images for ayers rock australia
uluru 1 by ccbysa3.0
uluru 2 n/a
uluru kata by georgia verschoyle
olgas by jorge lascar
all courtesy of wikimedia commons