The Capital of China Beijing is the world's second most populous city proper, located in northern China. It is governed as a direct-controlled municipality under the national government with 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts.
The city combines both traditional and modern architecture and is rich in history and is the nation’s center of culture, education and economy.
The Great Wall of China
Beijing is the best destination to admire the Great Wall of China. Most famous Great Wall sections are located in its suburban areas. They are all not far from downtown Beijing, 1-2 hours’ driving away.
In Chinese history, Beijing was not only one of the ancient capitals, but also one of the most strategic cities in the north. To defend their territory, many rulers have actively ordered to build Great Wall here.
The Imperial Palace
The Imperial Palace, also known as the Forbidden City, is China's most significant building and can trace its origins back to the Yuan Dynasty of the 13th century.
As a result of enlargements, it is a huge structure. It has ben home to 24 Ming and Qing Emperors, that is why it’s called the Forbidden City.
It covers 720,000 sq meters and is surrounded by a 10-meter-high wall with towers in the four corners.
Tiananmen Square in the Capital of China
Tiananmen Square, meaning the Square of Heavenly Peace, is the world's largest inner-city square, designed to hold a million people and built to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the Chinese Republic in 1958.
Visit the monument to the People’s Heroes, a 38-meter high obelisk and the Tiananmen Gate, completed in 1417.
Also visit the Museum of the Chinese Revolutions with its exhibits illustrating the various stages of the Chinese revolution from 1919 and the development of the Communist Party, and the Chairman Mao Mausoleum where the body of Mao rests in a crystal sarcophagus.
Near the Imperial Palace this is one of the oldest surviving gardens in Beijing. It takes its name from nearby Lake Beihai or North Lake.
Visit the Round Fort home to a one and a half meter tall Buddha carved from a single piece of white jade.
The Temple of Heaven
It dates back to 1420 and incorporates a group of some of Beijing's most sacred buildings. Surrounded by lush vegetation, these lovely old temples and shrines are set out in two sections, one semi-circular and the other one rectangular, which together symbolize heaven and earth.
The Lama Temple
It is one of Beijing's most attractive and best-preserved temples. Completed in 1745, the building served a political purpose by giving Lamaism, the religion of the then just annexed Tibet, an official seat in the capital.
See the statue of Weituo, the protector of Buddhism, holding an iron staff.
Beijing National Stadium
Renowned for its role in the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics, affectionately nicknamed the Bird’s Nest is worth a visit.
Since the Olympics it has been used to host large cultural events and for the performance of operas, pop concerts and football matches. I winter, it's turned into the world's largest manmade indoor ski slope.
Beijing Capital Museum
This is one of the country’s leading museum, opened in 1981. It boasts a vast collection of artifacts including ancient items of porcelain and bronze, traditional calligraphy and artwork, along with many fine statues from Chinese and other Asian cultures.
Beijing Ancient Observatory
Located on the east side of the city was in continuous use from 1442 to 1929 making it one of the oldest observatories in the world.
You enjoy many pre-telescopic instruments like a celestial globe dating back to 1673, and an 18th century armillary globe depicting the planets known at the time.
The Fayuan Temple
It dates back to the year 645 AD and consists of several halls where many ancient stone inscriptions are kept, the oldest dating from the 7th century.
Many of Beijing’s historic events were held here and today the temple is a place of worship and the seat of the Buddhist Academy.
With an area of more than 220 acres, it was established in 1906, making it one of the oldest zoos in China. Boasting an impressive collection of close to 15,000 animals from 1,000 species, the largest in the country, the zoo includes many rare native species such as South China tigers, snow leopards, golden snub-nosed monkeys, and pandas, along with some not so rare such as the red-crowned crane and Pere David's deer.
images for capital of china
tianananmen by df08
heaven by bijay bhandari
anceinte observatory by kallgan
fayuan by shizhad
zoo by snowyowls
all courtesy of wikimedia commons
Map showing the location of Beijing in China
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