The Capital of Moldova and the country’s largest city is Chisinau, also known as Kishinev. It is also its political, cultural, financial and administrative center. Romanian Language is the official one in Moldova.
It is located on the center of the Republic of Moldova, on the River Bic. It was built on seven hills and is home to 23 lakes mostly located in the many parks of this city. It is therefore considered one of the greenest cities in Europe.
Chisinau Moldova a busy European Capital
From a small Village to a Big City
Today Kishinev Moldova, a city of three quarter million inhabitants has been growing steadily since it was a small village with 600 people at the end of the 18th century. As the city grew it needed to be divided into five sectors: Centru or oldest part of the city, Riscani, Botanica, Ciocana and Buiucani.
Chisinau is connected to other cities in Moldova as well as with other countries, by bus, train and airplanes. There a few important attractions in the Capital of Moldova that I want to share with you.
Chisinau's Central Park
Stefan cel Mare Central Park is the main park of Chisinau, formerly known as Pushkin Park.
This oldest park in Moldova has been nicknamed “The Park of the Lovers” because is a typical meeting point for couples. Some of its 50 species of trees are very old, about 150 to 180 years old.
The National Museum of History in Kishinev Moldova
In Romanian it’s called Muzeul Național de Istorie a Moldovei. It is located in central Chisinau.
It houses over 263,000 exhibits, 165,000 of which belong to the national heritage. They are exhibited in the National Museum of History, founded in 1983 on the former Regional Lyceum.
In the museum yard there is the Capitoline Wolf, the copy of the one in Rome. Every year almost 15 exhibitions are held in the museum; which are important events in Moldova.
The museum is structured into many scientific sections: Ancient History and Archaeology, Medieval History, History of Bessarabia, Contemporary History, Treasures.
The Nativity of Christ Metropolitan Cathedral in Chisinau
In Romania, Catedrala Mitropolitană Nașterea Domnului is an Eastern Orthodox Church built in 1836 by Abram Melnikov in a Neoclassical design.
It was almost destroyed during World War II and its Bell Tower destroyed by local communists in 1962. Since then during the Soviet period the Cathedral was transformed into an Exhibition Center, since worship was prohibited by the Soviets.
The Bell Tower was reconstructed in 1997, keeping the front and its six Doric Columns quiet simple.
Triumpal Arch in the center of Chisinau Moldova
It is located in the center of town near the Nativity Cathedral. It was built in 1840 by architect Zauschevic to commemorate the victory of the Russian Empire over the Ottoman Empire during the Russo-Turkish War 1828 to 1829.
The huge bell of nearly 6,400 Kg. was originally built for the church but it happened to be too big and it was finally installed on the arc.
The bell called “Clopote Velican” was melted with the copper of the cannons captured by the Russian forces from the Ottoman Empire.
National Museum of Fine Arts in the Capital of Moldova
In Romanian called Muzeul Naţional de Artă, it was founded in 1939 by Alexandru Plămădeală and Auguste Baillayre.
They selected the works of Bessarabia and Romanian artists in order to set up the first Picture Gallery of Chişinău whose director was Auguste Baillayre, painter and professor at Ecolle de Belle Arte of Chişinău.
The first museum of Bessarabia fine art was opened on November 26, 1939; its successor becomes National Art Museum of Moldova.
In the first days of World War II, the art pieces displayed in the Gallery, together with others donated by the Ministry of Culture and Cults of Romania were loaded into two Lorries and delivered to Kharkiv; the destiny of these collections remains unknown until present.
Parcul Valea Morilor, the Park near the Lake in Chisinau
The Park "near the lake" was built in 1952. Around the lake there is a circular 2.5 Km long driveway. It is mostly covered by green areas. The main species are Canadian pyramidal poplars, white willow, chestnut, some species of maple, linden-tree, black pines, Japanese birch, and others.
During summers the Theater can hold up to 5000 seats,
besides the Cinema Daytime, Children Town Andries, artificial beach and an
Chisinau Water Tower built at the end of 19th century
This architectural monument was built at the end of the 19th century by design of Alexander Bernadazzi. It was a main part of Chişinău's water system. The upper level was built of wood and was destroyed by an earthquake. It was rebuilt between 1980 and 1983.
The tower’s height is 22 meters. There a spiral staircase inside and later an elevator was installed.
Map of the Republic of Moldova
images for capital of moldova
parcul stephan by by mirabella
museum history n/a
nativity christ by petar milosevic
triumphal arc by serhio
museum fine arts n/a
parcul valea n/a
water tower n/s
all courtesy of wikimedia commons
Copyright Tuchman Travel Guide 2012 - 2018
Go to our Sister Website