The Capital of Romania Bucharest, in Romanian București is the largest city and center of culture, economy and financial of Romania.
It lies on the banks of the Dâmbovița River, less than 70 km north of the Danube.
Many buildings in the city center were destroyed in the war and worsened by Ceausescu’s regime, many survived and the city has been renewing itself in the last few decades.
Today, being Romania part of the European Union, the sky is the limit for future renewal. Here are a the top sites to visit when you are in Bucharest.
Modern Bucuresti on the banks of Dambovita River
It is located in a Synagogue that survived World War II and the regime of the Dictator. This museum is a dedication to the large Jewish Community that once existed in Romania.
The Jewish Community in the Capital of Romania dates to the 16th Century when many merchants and traders settled there. In 1940 the number of Jews was about 800,000 leaving today a mere 10,000 still living in the country.National Museum of Art of Romania
If you like art by the masters like Rubens and Rembrandt, this is the place to be. Located on Revolution Square it also hosts art by famous Romanian painters through the centuries.
It is housed in the Royal Palace. You may want to start at the north entrance with the art by Romanian artists. This is a magnificent collection or paintings by such artists as Gheorghe Petrascu, Nicolae Grigorescu and many more.
Interior of the Palace of Parliament in the Romanian Capital
Palace of Parliament
This infamous creation by Ceauşescu is the world’s second largest building, after the US Pentagon. Built in 1984 this is a 12 floor building with more than 3,000 rooms on an area of 330,000 square meters. This is a must visit while in Bucharest.
National Museum of Contemporary Art
Opened in 2004 it is located on the back of the Palace of Parliament. It was built outside of the building with very modern architecture using lots of glass.
It features art by modern European artists and it is considered one of the finest in Eastern Europe. There is an open air café located on the top floor.
Central Committee of the Communist Party
This is a reminder of the late dictator. In the balcony of this building Ceausescu delivered his last speech on December 21, 1989. At the cries of “Down with Ceausescu” he fled by helicopter, while the crow was riddled by bullets. Many died.
On the front façade next to the entrance is a plaque dedicated to the “Young and Courageous people who drove out the dictator”. Thanks to them Romania regained its dignity and freedom. This building is today the home of the Senate.
Museum of the Romanian Peasant
This is a collection of about 100,000 objects depicting the agrarian and peasant life of Romanians through the centuries and from every corner of the country. It was chosen as Europe’s best museum in 1996.
The Famous University Square or Piaţa Universităţii
This square is witness to the worst fighting that took place during 1989. Freedom fighters were rolled over by government’s tanks. Today it is often called “Piaţa Tiananmen” and it is the hub of Bucharest's intellectual and political life. The main university building that was inaugurated in 1869, is located on the northwestern corner of the square.
History & Art Museum
This museum is located in a Neo-Gothic palace that was built in the early 1800s. Facing Piaţa Universităţii, this museum hosts a collection of many artifacts, costumes and photos. A few of the items are from the Bronze Era and you may find there documents fro the times when Romanians wrote in Cyrillic.
The Athenaeum is the symbol of the Capital of Romania, Bucharest
Besides being one of the top concert halls in Europe, the Athenaeum is the symbol of Bucharest. The George Enescu Philharmonic Orchestra is the main patron of the grand facility.
This exquisitely designed circular building adorned by mosaics of Romanian rulers should not bemissed.
Romanian Patriarchal Cathedral
This is the center of the Romanian Orthodox Faith. During the 15th century it was a simple wooden church, where the cathedral was later built during the second half of the 17th century.Cismigiu Garden
If you want to mingle with locals, go to this park in the center of the Romania Capital. It is mentioned hundreds of times in Romanian Literature.
For more information visit the Romania Tourism Office
One of the houses on the outdoor National Village Museum
National Village Museum
This museum located on the shores of Herăstră Lake is an open air collection of houses, churches and windmills relocated from rural Romania. It is one of Europes best open air museums and a must visit if you tour the city with children.
Ghencea Civil Cemetery
This cemetery claim to fame is the dictator Nicolae Ceauşescu and his wife Elena. The pair was secretly buried here on 30 December 1989, in hastily prepared graves. Both lie before the small chapel that faces the entry.
This Paris namesake is and 11 meter high monument built in 1935 during the reign of King Ferdinand and Queen Marie.
credit for images for the capital of romania:
dambovita by gabriel
athenaeum by alex siro
palace parliament by ferran cornella
village museum by andrei stroe
Piata universitatii n/a