Salzburg Tourism attracts many visitors to this lovely Austrian city located west of Vienna the Capital of Austria. It borders Germany, specifically Bavaria and features beautiful views to the Eastern Alps.
The city is divided by the Salzach River and on the left bank is located the Altstadt or Old Town with medieval and baroque buildings and the birthplace of Mozart; and on the other side of the river is the Neustadt or New City dating to the 19th century.
Hohensalzburg Castle is the # 1 attraction in Salzburg
This # 1 tourist attraction of Salzburg dominates the city from the southeastern side of the Mönchsberg and is accessible by walking a few minutes from downtown. It was originally built in 1077 with many refurbishing during the years.
One of the highlights is the courtyard with its St George Church or Georgskirche, and the famous Salzburger Stier or Bull, an organ dating the 1500s that plays until today.
The Prince’s Apartments with the Gothic décor, the Golden Room with its marble doorways and the Golden Hall.
This is where Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born
At 9 Getreidegasse in Salzburg is where Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27th, 1756, he died in Vienna on December 5th, 1791.
Mozart Geburtshaus, or birthplace, consists of a number of interesting features, including rooms once occupied by the Mozart family. It also includes a museum with interesting mementos, displayed, including his violin, portraits and original music. On the second floor an exhibition called Mozart on the Theater features many miniature stages memorizing his achievements.
Located in the heart of Salzburg Altstadt is this large square, from where you may start the visit of the city. The main feature is the Residenzbrunnen, a masterpiece of marble made by an Italian sculptor in 1661 and the largest and finest Baroque fountain this side of the Alps.
This awesome square is surrounded by Salzburg Cathedral, Archbishop residences, the Old Residence and townhouses featuring cafes and shops.
On the western side of the Square is the Residenz, the home of the city’s bishops and prince. It was built between 1896 and 1619. It boasts a large main front with a marble gate dating to 1710.
The Conference Hall or Konferenzsaal, and the splendid Audience Hall or Audienzsaal, contain Flemish tapestries and fine Persian furniture. Another important feature is the Imperial Hall or Kaisersaal, with portraits of Holy Roman Emperors and Kings of the Habsburg dynasty.
This is one of the most famous family attractions in this city. It is an early 17th century Renaissance palace, built as a relaxing palace for bishops to rest for the day. Since the visits were for a day, it has no bedrooms. Remember the movie Sound of Music, when Liesl sand “I am Sixteen going on Seventeen” to Rolfe, it was filmed here.
The Salzburger Dom, is a very important site in the city of Salzburg for its twin 79-meter towers. Built on an Italian style it was completed in 1657 and was the location of Mozart’s Baptism.
The west front, facing the Domplatz, has four colossal marble statues, the outer ones representing St. Rupert and Virgil, patron saints of the province, while the inner ones depict Peter and Paul.
Important to note the three huge bronze doors with the symbols of Love, Faith and Hope; the main altar with the Resurrection painting of 1628 besides the amazing frescoes in the vaulting.
St. Peter's Abbey
The Benedictine Abbey of St Peter was founded by St Rupert in 690 AD and served as a residence of the archbishops until 1110. Most of the buildings are from the 17th and 18th centuries and are witness to the magnificent architecture of those days.
Hightlights include St Peter's Churchyard, an impressive burial ground surrounded on three sides by arcades and family tombs from the 17th century.
View of downtown Salzburg and the Salzach River
Old Town Salzburg
A busy pedestrian area is lined by old merchant homes dating from the 15th to the 18th centuries. A visit through the old town will take you to beautiful courtyards, with many galleries and boutiques as well as workshops and cafes.
At the eastern end of Getreidegasse lies the Kranzlmarkt with the old Town Hall or Rathaus, surrounded by more old medieval houses, some as high as five stories.
In the Old Market or Alter Markt, stands the 13th-century Court Pharmacy called Hofapotheke, while in the middle of the square is the 17th century St Florian's Fountain with its octagonal basin and an even older spiral grille from 1583.
Map of Austria showing the location of Salzburg
images credits for salzburg tourism
hohensalzburg by uoaei1
mozart by jonathanawhile
residenzplatz by barbara marko-bartilla
salzburg residenz by gryffindor
hellbrun by peterburg23
cathedral by uoaei1
oldtown by adestro
all courtesy of wikimedia commons
Copyright Tuchman Travel Guide 2012 - 2018