Slovakia Tourism is on the rise in the last two decades since Slovakia separated from the Czech Republic and dissolved what was the country of Czechoslovakia in 1993.
Bratislava the Capital of Slovakia on the Danube River
Facts about Slovakia
It is a country in Central Europe with an area of 49,000 sq km. The northern part of the country is mountainous where the Carpathian Mountains are located. The south and the east are the lowlands and dedicated to agriculture.
The Danube River flows through Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia connecting it with important neighboring capitals such as Budapest, Hungary and Vienna, Austria.
It borders Hungary (679 km), Poland (598 km), the Czech Republic (265 km), Austria (127 km) and Ukraine (98 km). The population is more than 5.5 million and the capital Bratislava around 500,000 inhabitants. Bratislava is one of the important European Capitals.
Spis Castle is the largest castle complex in Europe
This old and vast country has many attractions. We are going to mention just a few of the most important places to visit.
This is the largest castle complex in Europe rising 200 meters above the surrounding land. It is located on a dolomite rock. Called in Slovak Spissky Hrad, it is located in Spiš, above the town of Spisske Podhradie and the village of Žehra.
It was built in the 12th century and stays as an evidence of great architectural developments during the following hundreds of years with its area of 41,500 sq meters.
After it was built it became a political, economical and cultural center. It has changed ownership through the years to include Hungarian Kings, the Szapolyai family, the Thurzo family, the Csaky family. Since 1945 Spiš Castle is owned by the Government of Slovakia.
Called Kremnicka Mncovna is located in the small town of Kremnica, is one of the oldest continuously manufacturing companies worldwide .It was promoted to a free royal town by Hungarian King Charles Robert of Anjou in 1328 and in November 17th of the same year the Kremnica Mint was established.
The first coins were made of gold of 23 carats and 9 grains and were historically known as “ducats”. They were considered as the hardest currency in Central Europe, as Kremnica ducats were characterized by high level of purity and quality.
The seven centuries of experience continues today. Besides the production of coins and medals, they also manufacture plaques, tokens, pendants, tie pins, awards, labels and other products. Kremnica Mint manufactures coins for the Slovak National Bank, and because of its huge capacity, it supplies many other countries worldwide.
Kremnica Mint, called Kremnicka Mncovna
in the small town of Kremnica
This largest wooden altar in the world is located in the Church of St Jacob or in local language Kostol Sv Jakuba, in the small historical of Levoca. This Roman Catholic Church is one of the most sacred buildings in Slovakia.
The church was built during the 14th century as part of an older church. The tower of the Church of St Jacob built in the 19th century is one of the most important attractions of Levoca.
The St Apostle Altar was made from lime wood by Master Paul from in 1507-1517. Majster Pavol perfectly managed the geometrical harmony of Gothic Architecture. The work consists of a great system of triangles and circles that creates an extraordinary balance.
Picturesque Old Town of Bratislava
Called Sad Janka Krala, this park is located on the northern part of Bratislava called Petrzalka. It is bordered by the Danube, the Old Bridge or Stary Most access road; the New Bridge Novy Most access road and the main road.
This park was established between 1774 and 1776 as a public park and built in a Baroque style architecture. It features all kinds of trees and the alleys are called according to the trees. The statue of Janko Kral stands tall in the heart of the park.
There is a prominent architectural structure in the park called the Gothic tower built in the 15th Century and later rebuilt at the end of the 19th century because of damages caused by an earthquake in 1897.
There are only three aragonite caves worldwide. One in Mexico, one in Argentina and the only one in Europe is in Slovakia.It is located in southern part of the country, near Roznava. It is only 300 meters long, but very important because of its aragonite filling.
The cave was discovered by Jan Bystricky in 1954 and it was opened for the public in 1972. The most attractive part of the cave is the Milky Way Hall with its characteristic oval formations. It is called that due to a long crack in the ceiling with aragonite formations that shines like the stars of the Milky Way.
Ochtinska Aragonite Cave attracts Slovakia Tourism
It is located in the Slovak Paradise Mountains near the mining town of Dobšiná above the River Hnilec. This is an amazing ice cave, one of the largest in Europe.
The total length of the cave is 1500 meters, some other sources say 1250 meters of which only 515 meters are open to the general public from May to September.
It was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List as a part of the Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst. The cave was discovered by a royal mining engineer Eugen Ruffinyi in 1870 and just one year after the discovery it was opened to the public.
For more information visit the Slovakia Tourism Office
The Wooden Bridge of Kolarovo in southern Slovakia
Located on Lomnicky Peak, the third highest peak in Slovakia at 2,633 meters above the sea level, is the highest botanic garden in Central Europe; more than 2,500 meters above the sea level. Despite the high altitude and low temperature there are many unusual plant species growing there. Visitors can also admire an unforgettable panoramic view of High Tatras.
This is the longest wooden bridge in Europe located in a small town called Kolarovo in the south of Slovakia. The bridge over the river Maly Dunaj is 2.25 meters wide and 86 meters long. Originally there was a similar bridge that was destroyed by floating ice blocks.
Local conservationists rebuilt the original bridge according to the memories of local people. They succeeded to make a record by finishing the new bridge in 9 days. The longest bridge of its kind, even longer than the original one, is ready since 1992.
Here with concentrated on Slovakia Tourism as a whole in the coming pages we are going to write about the attractions of Bratislava, the Capital of Slovakia.
Image Credits for Slovakia Tourism:
bratislava danube by civertan
pis castle by pierre bona
kremnica mint n/a
wooden bridge by bojars
ochtinska cave by slovak heritage
bratislava old town by elin
All courtesy of Wikimedia Commons